Creating Variables

Unlike other programming languages, Python has no command for declaring a variable.

A variable is created the moment you first assign a value to it.


x = 5
y = "John"



Variables do not need to be declared with any particular type and can even change type after they have been set.


x = 4 # x is of type int
x = "Sally" # x is now of type str


Variable Names

A variable can have a short name (like x and y) or a more descriptive name (age, carname, total_volume). Rules for Python variables:

  • A variable name must start with a letter or the underscore character
  • A variable name cannot start with a number
  • A variable name can only contain alpha-numeric characters and underscores (A-z, 0-9, and _ )
  • Variable names are case-sensitive (age, Age and AGE are three different variables)

Remember that variables are case-sensitive


Output Variables

The Python print statement is often used to output variables.

To combine both text and a variable, Python uses the + character:


x = "awesome"
print("Python is " + x)


You can also use the + character to add a variable to another variable:


x = "Python is "
y = "awesome"
z =  x + y


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